Glossary and Terms
Arrest Warrant. A warrant issued by a public officer that authorizes the arrest and detention of an individual.
Accused - The person who is arrested and/or accused of a crime.
Absconding Debtor - A person who purposefully leaves a jurisdiction (area where arrested) to avoid the legal process.
Action - The steps by which a party seeks to enforce any right in a court or all the steps of a criminal prosecution.
Alias Warrant - This is a warrant where no plea has been entered. A prisoner, bail bond company or an attorney can post a bond for this type of warrant. The bond assures that the prisoner will appear in court.
Arraign - Arraignment of an accused consists of calling upon him by name, reading the charges in the arrest documents, and demanding to hear a plea of innocence or guilt. This hearing may be combined with informing the accused of options regarding a defense attorney.
Bail. Traditionally, bail is some form of property deposited or pledged to a court in order to persuade it to release a suspect from jail, on the understanding that the suspect will return for trial or forfeit the bail ("skipping bail", or "jumping bail", is also illegal).
Bail Bondsman. A bail bondsman is any person or company that will act as a surety and pledge money or property as bail for the appearance of a criminal defendant in court.
Bounty Hunter. An individual who seeks out fugitives ('Hunting') for a monetary reward ('Bounty'), for apprehending by law, if such laws exist.
Bail Forfeiture - When the court orders the surety (bail bond agent) to pay the amount of security (bail) pledged because an accused fails to comply with the requirements of a bond.
Bail Schedule - A bail schedule is a list of crimes and the bail amounts required to release people from jail. These bails vary from municipality to municipality. Judges can also change the amount of bail, depending on the facts of each case.
Citation - Written notice to appear in court when accused of a minor crime such as a traffic violation, drinking liquor in a prohibited area or letting a dog loose without a leash, among other charges. Failure to appear in court can result in a warrant for your arrest.
Citation Release - Instead of being booked into jail immediately after arrest, a defendant may be given a written citation (also known as a "Cite Out") by the arresting officer. A "Cite Out" is generally used for very minor infractions.
Court Order - A command or mandatory order by a judge made during a case.
Criminal Defense Lawyer - A criminal defense lawyer is a legal professional who organizes a case and represents someone accused of a crime. Everyone in America, whether a citizen or not, is entitled to legal counsel before questioning can begin. DWI - Driving While Intoxicated, which refers to being under the influence of any substance including alcohol and/or legal, illegal or over-the-counter drugs.
Cash Bond. Typically "cash only", where the defendant must provide the amount of the bail to the court.
Charge. In criminal law, the crime a person is accused of.
Collateral. A security or guarantee (usually an asset) pledged for the repayment of a loan if one cannot procure enough funds to repay.
Criminal Trial. A criminal trial is designed to resolve accusations brought by the government against a person accused of a crime.
Defendant. Any party who is required to answer the complaint of a plaintiff or pursuer in a civil lawsuit before a court, or any party who has been formally charged or accused of violating a criminal statute.
Initial Appearance - The process by which an arrested defendant is promptly brought before a judicial officer who then advises the defendant of the charges against him, his right to counsel, official court date and sets conditions of pre-trial release. It also includes a "probable cause" ruling on a cases involving arrest without warrant and a preliminary hearing in felony cases.
Jury. A sworn body of persons convened to render a rational, impartial verdict and a finding of fact on a legal question officially submitted to them, or to set a penalty or judgment in a jury trial of a court of law.
Jury Trial. Trial is held before a group of disinterested members of the community.
Plea - An answer to a charge.
Posting Bail - Posting bail is the process by which the amount needed to release a person from custody is paid to the courts.
Public Defender - A public defender is a lawyer provided by the courts at no charge to represent someone accused of a crime.
Recognizance. A promise made by the accused to the court that said person will attend all required judicial proceedings and will not engage in further illegal activity or other prohibited conduct as set by the court. Typically a monetary amount is set by the court, but is not paid by the defendant unless it is forfeited by the court. Other forms of punishment, such as imprisonment, may still be levied by the court for those failing to appear when required. Also known as Own Recognizance.
Remand. (1.) Send back a case to the trial court or lower appellate court for action or (2.) The imprisonment of criminal suspects awaiting trial or sentencing. A prisoner who is denied, refused or unable to meet the conditions of bail, or who is unable to post bail, may be held in a prison on remand.
Suspect. A person, known or unknown, suspected of committing a crime.
Surety - A person or company who takes responsibility for the defendant’s obligation to appear in court. The surety agrees to pay money or do other acts in the event that the defendant does not appear.
T&T Bail Bonds L.L.C.
Frank & Donna M. Taylor
3205 Dutchtown Road
Homer, Louisiana 71040
(318) 927 - 9214
(318) 927 - 2956
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